Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio Calculator

The concept of the fixed asset turnover ratio is most useful to an outside observer, who wants to know how well a business is employing its assets to generate sales. A corporate insider has access to more detailed information about the usage of specific fixed assets, and so would be less inclined to employ this ratio. The fixed asset turnover ratio tracks how efficiently a company’s assets are being used (and producing sales), similar to the total asset turnover ratio. The asset turnover ratio uses total assets instead of focusing only on fixed assets as done in the FAT ratio. Using total assets acts as an indicator of a number of management’s decisions on capital expenditures and other assets. Fixed Asset Turnover (FAT) is an efficiency ratio that indicates how well or efficiently a business uses fixed assets to generate sales.

  1. The asset turnover ratio helps investors understand how effectively companies are using their assets to generate sales.
  2. You will learn how to use its formula to assess a company’s operating efficiency.
  3. As shown in the formula below, the ratio compares a company’s net sales to the value of its fixed assets.

The fixed asset turnover ratio is most useful in a „heavy industry,” such as automobile manufacturing, where a large capital investment is required in order to do business. In other industries, such as software development, the fixed asset investment is so meager that the ratio is not of much use. Publicly-facing industries including retail and restaurants rely heavily on converting assets to inventory, then converting inventory to sales. Other sectors like real estate often take long periods of time to convert inventory into revenue.

What is a good fixed asset turnover ratio?

You can find these figures reported on a firm’s balance sheet and income statement. All of these categories should be closely managed to improve the asset turnover ratio. Hence, it is often used as a proxy for how efficiently a company has invested in long-term assets. The turnover metric falls short, however, in being distorted by significant one-time capital expenditures (Capex) and asset sales. When considering investing in a company, it is important to note that the FAT ratio should not perform in isolation, but rather as one part of a larger analysis. As such, there needs to be a thorough financial statement analysis to determine true company performance.

Industry type

Depreciation is the allocation of the cost of a fixed asset, which is spread out—or expensed—each year throughout the asset’s useful life. Typically, a higher fixed asset turnover ratio indicates that a company has more effectively utilized its investment in fixed assets to generate revenue. Companies with strong asset turnover ratios can still lose money because the amount of sales generated by fixed assets speak nothing of the company’s ability to generate solid profits or healthy cash flow. The fixed asset ratio only looks at net sales and fixed assets; company-wide expenses are not factored into the equation. In addition, there are differences in the cashflow between when net sales are collected and when fixed assets are invested in.

After calculating the fixed asset turnover ratio, the efficiency metric can be compared across historical periods to assess trends. In general, the higher the fixed asset turnover ratio, the better, as the company is implied to be generating more revenue per dollar of long-term assets owned. Like other financial ratios, the fixed ratio turnover ratio is only useful as a comparative tool. For instance, a company will gain the most insight when the fixed asset ratio is compared over time to see the trend of how the company is doing.

When a company makes such a significant purchase, a knowledgeable investor will carefully monitor its ratio over the next few years to see if its new assets will reward it with higher sales. This ratio is often used as an indicator in the manufacturing industry to make bulk purchases from PP & E to increase production. My Accounting Course  is a world-class educational resource developed by experts to simplify accounting, finance, & investment analysis topics, so students and professionals can learn and propel their careers. Remember we always use the net PPL by subtracting the depreciation from gross PPL. Management typically doesn’t use this calculation that much because they have insider information about sales figures, equipment purchases, and other details that aren’t readily available to external users. They measure the return on their purchases using more detailed and specific information.

What are Fixed Assets?

One variation on this metric considers only a company’s fixed assets (the FAT ratio) instead of total assets. The fixed asset ratio formula focuses on how efficiently a company utilizes its fixed assets, such as real estate, plant, and equipment, to generate sales turnover ratio revenue. A higher fixed asset turnover ratio indicates effective utilization of these long-term assets, which can lead to improved profitability. On the other hand, the current asset turnover ratio assesses how well a company employs its current assets, like cash, inventory, and accounts receivable, to generate sales.

While the asset turnover ratio should be used to compare stocks that are similar, the metric does not provide all of the detail that would be helpful for stock analysis. It is possible that a company’s asset turnover ratio in any single year differs substantially from previous or subsequent years. Investors should review the trend in the asset turnover ratio over time to determine whether asset usage is improving or deteriorating. A high turn over indicates that assets are being utilized efficiently and large amount of sales are generated using a small amount of assets. It could also mean that the company has sold off its equipment and started to outsource its operations. Outsourcing would maintain the same amount of sales and decrease the investment in equipment at the same time.

To determine the value of a company’s assets, the average value of the assets for the year needs to first be calculated. Also, a high fixed asset turnover does not necessarily mean that a company is profitable. A company may still be unprofitable with the efficient use of fixed assets due to other reasons, such as competition and high variable costs. An asset turnover ratio equal to one means the net sales of a company for a specific period are equal to the average assets for that period. The company generates $1 of sales for every dollar the firm carried in assets. Though ABC has generated more revenue for the year, XYZ is more efficient in using its assets to generate income as its asset turnover ratio is higher.

The asset turnover ratio gauges a company’s asset efficiency in generating revenue, comparing sales to total assets annually. A variation, the Fixed Asset Turnover (FAT) ratio, considers only a company’s fixed assets. The fixed asset turnover ratio measures how efficiently a company can generate sales with its fixed asset investments (typically property, plant, and equipment). It is used to evaluate the ability of management to generate sales from its investment in fixed assets. A high ratio indicates that a business is doing an effective job of generating sales with a relatively small amount of fixed assets.

How to calculate the fixed asset turnover — The fixed asset turnover ratio formula

The asset turnover ratio measures how effectively a company uses its assets to generate revenue or sales. The ratio compares the dollar amount of sales or revenues to the company’s total assets to measure the efficiency of the company’s operations. The fixed asset turnover ratio is useful in determining whether a company is efficiently using its fixed assets to drive net sales. The fixed asset turnover ratio is calculated by dividing net sales by the average balance of fixed assets of a period. Though the ratio is helpful as a comparative tool over time or against other companies, it fails to identify unprofitable companies.

Total fixed assets are all the long-term physical assets a company owns and uses to generate sales. These assets are not intended to sell but rather used to generate revenue over an extended period of time. Investors seeking to invest in highly capital-intensive companies can also find this helpful ratio to compare the efficiency of the investments made by a company in its fixed assets.

By doing this calculation, we can determine the amount of income made by a company per dollar invested in net fixed assets. The asset turnover ratio measures the efficiency of a company’s assets in generating revenue nonprofit fundraising basics or sales. It compares the dollar amount of sales (revenues) to its total assets as an annualized percentage. Thus, to calculate the asset turnover ratio, divide net sales or revenue by the average total assets.